Sindhu Agriculture Farm



Guava (Psidium guajava L. Famly Myrtaceae) has attained commercial importance in tropics and subtropics because of its wide adaptability to varied soil and climatic conditions and as profilic bearer. Guava is believed to be originated in tropical America (Mexico to Peru). At present, it is mainly produced in South Asian countries, the Hawaiian Island, Cuba, Brazil, Pakistan and India. In Pakistan, it is grown in all the provinces over an area of 58.5 thousand hectares with production of 468.3 thousand tones Table 1. The major guava growing areas include Shariqpur, Kasur, Lahore, Sheikhupora, Sangla Hills, Gujranwala in the Punjab; Kohat, Haripur and Bannu in the North West Frontier Province and Larkana and Hyderabad in Sindh.

Commercial Varieties:

Safeda: Of medium size, with very thin skin, thick white flesh, few seeds.

Allahabad: Large white fleshed with few fairly hard seeds.

Karela: Medium large, pear shaped furrowed, rough skinned with soft granular white flesh. Poor bearer.

Seed less: Medium to large, pear shape to avoid, with thick white flesh, firm to soft, light bearer.

Red fleshed: Of medium size with many fairly soft seeds, high in pectin and good for jelly.

Apple colour: Of medium size, slightly oblate deep pink skin, creamy white flesh, moderate amount of seeds, very sweet flavour. Heavy bearer, good keeping quality.